Associate Editors &
Rajagopal Duddu, PhD
Ramarao Vepachedu, PhD
Marina Strakhova, PhD
Venkataramana Vepachedu, PhD
5106 Kali Era , taarana
Year, Bhaadrapada month
2062 Vikramarka Era,
Era , taarana Year, Bhaadrapada month
2004 AD, September
Omega-3 fatty acids, found in soy, flax and other vegetable and fish oils,
and known to provide a range of health benefits, may help protect against
Alzheimer's disease, U.S. researchers reported in the journal Neuron.
Tests on mice showed that a diet high in one particular omega-3 fatty acid
called DHA helped protect the brain against the memory loss and cell damage
caused by Alzheimer's disease. People are already advised to eat omega-3
fatty acids to protect the heart. DHA and a related fatty acid called AHA
are also added to some infant formulas and milks to promote brain development.
They are found naturally in human breast milk.
Flaxseed is also known as Linseed. The botanical name of flax is Linum
usiatissimum of family linaceae. The seed is flat and oval with a pointed
tip and measures approximating 2.5 x 5.0 x 1.5 mm. The traditional flaxseed
is a shiny reddish brown with crisp chewy texture. Flaxseed has been used
for a very long time in India. Flax is commonly known as alsi (Gujrati,
Hindi, Punjabi), Jawas (Marathi), Tishi (Bengali), agasi (Kannada), cheruchana
(Malayalam), pesi (Oriya), ali (Tamil) and seema avise or agise (Telugu).
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Older men who walked the least in a comparison group had nearly twice the
risk for dementia compared to men who walked the most. Elderly people
who take regular walks are less likely to suffer dementia than those who
take little exercise. Keeping active has already been proven to lessen
the risk of heart disease, cancer and diabetes. Now moderate daily exercise
such as long strolls has been found to keep elderly minds healthier, said
the authors of studies published in the Journal of the American Medical
Association. Back to the top
Hibiscus sabdariffa L , which is grown in China, India and Taiwan is used
as a traditional remedy to treat high blood pressure and liver disorders.
Hibiscus flowers are used in Ayurveda for various diseases. An extract
from the hibiscus flower could have the same heart health benefits as red
wine and tea, researchers suggest in a study is published in the Journal
of the Science of Food and Agriculture. A team from the Chung
Shan Medical University in Taiwan says the flower contains antioxidants
that help control cholesterol levels. Animal studies showed the extract
could reduce cholesterol in animals.
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Although experts say there is no single Mediterranean diet, food from these
regions favors olive oil rather than butter and include lots of legumes,
nuts, seeds, grains, fish, vegetables and potatoes but little meat and dairy.
In a study in the Journal of the American Medical Association,
mortality rates were 65% lower among elderly people who combined a so-called
Mediterranean diet with 30 minutes of daily exercise, and no tobacco use.
In a separate study in the same journal, researchers from the Second University
of Naples in Italy found that Mediterranean-style diets helped patients
with "metabolic syndrome," which increases the risk of heart disease and
diabetes and affects 1 in 4 American adults. These studies confirm the results
of earlier studies.
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Egg Related Salmonella Infections
The Food and Drug Administration estimates that 118,000 people each year
are sickened by eating improperly cooked eggs contaminated with salmonella.
Illnesses range from mild stomach upset and arthritis to death. The Food
and Drug Administration recommended changes aimed at reducing by one-third
the salmonella infections caused each year by tainted eggs. People can be
infected with salmonella by eating raw or partially cooked food that's tainted,
including Roma tomatoes and cantaloupes imported from Mexico. Eggs can be
contaminated inside the shell by passing through an infected laying hen's
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Diabetes and Heart Disease
Diabetes triples the likelihood that postmenopausal women with coronary
heart disease will develop heart failure, according to a study in the American
Heart Association's journal Circulation. The nine predictor
of heart failure were diabetes, atrial fibrillation, heart attack, impaired
kidney function, high blood pressure, current smoking, obesity, conduction
disturbances and left-sided heart enlargement.
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Without enough exercise, even those impossible bodies on display at the
Olympics are in danger of rapidly morphing into the shape of a couch potato,
a study shows in Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism,
July 2004. Researchers in France found that among 20 highly trained rowers,
those who stopped training saw their weight, fat mass and cholesterol levels
reach that of the average sedentary person within a year.
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Expanding waistlines increase the risk for at least nine types of cancer,
too. And with the obesity epidemic showing no signs of waning, specialists
say they need to better understand how fat cells fuels cancer growth so
they might fight back.
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Motherhood Beyond Menopause
The first baby conceived after an ovarian tissue transplant was born in
Belgium in a procedure that could one day allow women to delay motherhood
beyond menopause, announced by The Lancet medical journal. The
birth marks the first time fertility has been restored to a woman after doctors
cut out and froze some of her ovarian tissue and transplanted it back into
her body years later.
Progress toward boosting the status of women and providing reproductive
health care to all has been steady over the past decade, but billions more
dollars are needed to reach goals set 10 years ago, the United Nations said.
Sixty-one percent of couples worldwide now use modern forms of contraception,
up from 55 percent in 1994, the UN report said. But 200 million women in poor
countries who don't want another child within two years are not using birth
control, it found.
One woman dies every minute from complications of pregnancy and childbirth
(529,000 deaths a year) and the vast majority are in poor countries, the
report said. The number has not changed significantly since 1994, but most
of those deaths could be prevented if all mothers had access to decent health
care, the report said. There is now widespread acceptance of an idea endorsed
by 171 countries in Cairo that the best way to control population growth
and reduce poverty is to boost women's rights. That includes improving access
to health care, education and economic opportunity. However, President
Bush has blocked $34 million in congressionally approved annual assistance
to the agency. Donor countries' support for condoms and other forms of contraception
have decreased over the past decade, while demand is expected to increase
by 40 percent by 2015.
are from Venus
Recent discoveries suggest that genes, hormones and lifestyle may be behind
many of the differences between men and women. For example:
-Heart attacks in women frequently don't involve chest pain and may involve
more vague, flu-like symptoms.
-Women appear to be more susceptible to lung cancer than men. Women also
tend to get lung cancer at younger ages than men, and they appear to metabolize
cancer-causing substances differently than men.
-Women are less likely than men to get oral cancer.
-Women are more prone to autoimmune diseases, including lupus, rheumatoid
arthritis and multiple sclerosis, in which disease-fighting mechanisms mistakenly
attack the body's own tissues.
-Some AIDS-fighting medicines appear to metabolize more quickly in men than
in women, who may require gender-specific doses.
-Women's symptoms for ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, debilitating
intestinal diseases that affect men and women, vary considerably each month,
requiring frequent medication adjustments.
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Exclusive breastfeeding from birth to four months reduces the risk of asthma
during the first four years of life, according to a study in the October
2004 Journal of Allergy & Clinical Immunology (JACI).
Exclusive breastfeeding was defined as the period when the infants were given
only breast milk, and no cow's milk or solid foods had been introduced. The
researchers had previously showed the same results in children at 2 years
of age. This study expands on those findings, showing that a more prolonged
period of breastfeeding not only reduces the risk of asthma during the first
four years of life, but it also appears to reduce the severity of the disease
Adenotonsillectomy is a common procedure in children in western countries,
yet evidence of its benefits in children with milder symptoms is lacking.
Surgical removal of the tonsils and adenoids (adenotonsillectomy) in children
with mild symptoms of throat infections or enlarged tonsils and adenoids
has no major benefits over watchful waiting, finds a new study published
Drinking, Smoking and Impotency
A group of investigators from Argentina found that men who both drank alcohol
and smoked cigarettes were more likely to have a smaller amount of semen,
a lower concentration of sperm, and a lower percentage of active sperm than
abstainers, presented in the journal Fertility and Sterility.
Smoking and drinking together may exert "additive" or "synergistic" effects.
A smoke-filled room may be worse for your lungs than a traffic-clogged
highway. A study published in the Journal of Occupational and Environmental
Medicine found that the air in smoky bars and casinos had 50 times
more carcinogenic particles than the air on highways and city streets, putting
the people who work there at risk.
Abuse in Childhood Causes
Heart Disease in Adults
A study suggests that ischemic heart disease in adulthood may be a possible
long-term consequence of childhood trauma. An abused or neglected child
is much more likely to develop ischemic heart disease as an adult, according
to a study published in Circulation: Journal of the American Heart
Association. Adults who reported that they experienced emotional,
physical or sexual abuse, emotional or physical neglect, or household dysfunction
included incarceration, substance abuse, mental illness, or domestic violence
had a 30 percent to 70 percent higher risk of developing ischemic heart disease
than people who did not report these adverse childhood experiences (ACE).
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Bladder cancer is a particular risk to people over the age of 65, and men
have three times the risk of women. It is detected using cystoscopy – inserting
a fibre-optic instrument into the bladder via the urethra. Since it commonly
recurs, patients who survive the cancer must undergo regular cystoscopy
as a form of screening. In a novel experiment, a team of scientists and
dog trainers have put traditional canine behavior to good use – sniffing
human urine to detect bladder cancer sufferers, reports British Medical
Journal. The study using six trained dogs, a labrador, three cocker
spaniels, a papillon and a mongrel, found that their ability to detect a
sample of urine from a patient with bladder cancer was well above chance.
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Grind flaxseeds into a powder after roasting them. You could make it like
dry chutney by grinding it with 2 cloves of garlic, green chilies and some
salt. You could have this regularly with your food. Apart from being rich
in fiber, it is also very rich in Omega-3 fats.
Indian recipes with flaxseed: http://www.bhj.org/journal/2003_4502_april/ethnic_334.htm
More on flax at: http://botanical.com/site/column_poudhia/106_alsi.html
Ingredients: 1-1/2 cups blueberries, 1-1/2 cups raspberries, 1-cup flour,
1-teaspoon baking powder, 1/4-teaspoon salt, 1-1/2 cups sugar, 1/2-cup skim
milk, 3 tablespoons non/lowfat margarine, melted, 1-teaspoon vanilla
extract, 1-tablespoon cornstarch, 1-cup boiling water.
Directions: Place fruit in the bottom of a 9-inch square baking dish coated
with nonstick cooking spray (nonfat). Combine the next three ingredients
and half the sugar in a mixing bowl. Add milk, butter and vanilla and beat
with an electric mixer until smooth. Pour batter over fruit. Mix remaining
sugar and cornstarch in a bowl and sprinkle over batter. Pour boiling water
over mixture. Bake at 350 degrees F for 45 minutes.
Sweet Potato Soup
Ingredients: 4 cups sweet potatoes, cut into 1/2 inch slices, 1-1/2 cups
green onion, sliced, 3-3/4 cups vegetable stock, 1/4 cup plus 2 tablespoons
evaporated skim milk 1-1/2 cups croutons.
Directions: Peel potatoes and steam 15-20 minutes or until tender. Set
Combine green onions and half the stock in saucepan over medium
heat for 10 minutes. Transfer stock mixture to a blender. Add cooked sweet
and blend until smooth. Return potato mixture and remaining stock
to saucepan and bring
to a boil over medium heat. Reduce heat to low and simmer
5 minutes. Serve soup warm.
Ingredients: 6 medium Carrot, 1 medium, 1-1/2 Tablespoons Vegetable oil,
1-1/2 medium Garlic clove minced, 1 medium, 1/2 cup onion, 1/8 cup Vinegar,
cider, 1/2 Tablespoon Pickling spice, 3/4 teaspoons salt.
1/4 teaspoon Mustard dried Directions: Cut carrots diagonally into thin
slices. In a 10-inch skillet over medium heat, in hot salad oil, cook garlic
and onion until tender. Add carrots, vinegar, pickling spice, salt, and dry
mustard to skillet. Reduce heat to low; simmer, covered, about 7 minutes or
until carrots are tender-crisp, stirring occasionally. Spoon mixture
into a medium bowl; cover and refrigerate, tossing occasionally. Serve with
cocktail picks. Womenfitness.net
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primary sources cited above, New
York Times (NYT), Washington Post (WP), Mercury
News, Bayarea.com, USA Today, Intellihealthnews,
Deccan Chronicle (DC), the Hindu, Hindustan
Times, Times of India, AP, Reuters, AFP,