Shalivahana is credited with the initiation of the era known as Shalivahana Shaka to celebrate his victory against Vikramaditya of Ujjayini in the year 78 A.D.  The Vikrama Charita, a Sanskrit classic, composed in the eleventh century supports this view. But apart from this work and some popular legends, there is no concrete evidence to support this theory.  However, history does record that Gautami Putra Shatakarni, of the Shatavahana dynasty defeated the powerful Nahapana, the Satrap king. The folklore of Maharashtra identifies Gautamiputra Shatakarni of the Shatavahana dynasty with Shalivahana. It is interesting to note that etymologically Shatavahana is derived from Shatavahana which in turn is derived from Shalivahana.

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