Shalivahana is credited with the initiation of the era known as Shalivahana
Shaka to celebrate his victory against Vikramaditya of Ujjayini in the
year 78 A.D. The Vikrama Charita, a Sanskrit classic, composed in
the eleventh century supports this view. But apart from this work and some
popular legends, there is no concrete evidence to support this theory.
However, history does record that Gautami Putra Shatakarni, of the Shatavahana
dynasty defeated the powerful Nahapana, the Satrap king. The folklore of
Maharashtra identifies Gautamiputra Shatakarni of the Shatavahana dynasty
with Shalivahana. It is interesting to note that etymologically Shatavahana
is derived from Shatavahana which in turn is derived from Shalivahana.
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