5110 Kali Era, Sarvadhari
Vikramarka Era, Sarvadhari
|Diet and Exercise
Sodium increases the risk of high blood pressure, which is major cause of
heart disease and stroke. Salt or sodium chloride is the main source of sodium
for most people.
Seven out of 10 Americans should restrict their salt consumption, but very
few of them do, according to a new government study. About 145 million U.S.
adults are thought to be more sensitive to salt -- a group that includes
anyone with high blood pressure, African-Americans and everyone older than
40. That group should eat no more than about two-thirds of a teaspoon
of salt each day. But only 1 in 10 people in that targeted group are meeting
that guideline, according to estimates released by the Centers for Disease
Control and Prevention.
Health officials estimate that about 80 percent of the average American's
salt intake occurs without them salting their food. It comes from the salt
in many packaged and processed foods and meals served in restaurants.
Salt reduction has become a recent focus of public health campaigns. New
York City's health department, the American Heart Association and nearly
three dozen other organizations are trying to persuade food manufacturers
and chain restaurants to reduce salt content by more than 50 percent over
the next 10 years. The CDC and federal health agencies also having sodium-reduction
talks with food companies.
Eating too much salt can result in excess calcium in the urine resulting
in kidney stones. Kidney stones are usually an adult malady, one that is
notorious for causing excruciating pain -- pain worse than childbirth. But
while the number of affected children isn't huge, kids with kidney stones
have been turning up in rising numbers at hospitals around the country.
In children, most stones are calcium-based, and their eating habits, plus
drinking too little water, puts them at risk. Plenty of water is generally
recommended to help prevent kidney stones.
Meat and Cancer
A study reported in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition analyzed data
from 52,700 men and women and showed that those who did not eat meat had
significantly fewer cancers overall than those who did. It appears that being
a vegetarian means you have a significantly lower chance of getting cancer
than the meat eaters.
In another study in Archives of Internal Medicine, the largest study of its
kind, researchers from the National Cancer Institute find that older Americans
who eat large amounts of red meat and processed meats face a greater risk
of death from heart disease and cancer. The federal study of more than half
a million men and women bolsters prior evidence of the health risks of diets
laden with red meat like hamburger and processed meats like hot dogs, bacon
and cold cuts. Over 10 years, eating the equivalent of a quarter-pound hamburger
daily gave men in the study a 22 percent higher risk of dying of cancer and
a 27 percent higher risk of dying of heart disease compared to those who
ate the least red meat, just 5 ounces per week. Women who ate large
amounts of red meat had a 20 percent higher risk of dying of cancer and a
50 percent higher risk of dying of heart disease than women who ate less.
In the analysis, the researchers took into account other risk factors such
as smoking, family history of cancer and high body mass index.
In an accompanying editorial, Barry Popkin, director of the Interdisciplinary
Obesity Center at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, wrote
that reducing meat intake would have benefits beyond improved health.
Livestock increase greenhouse gas emissions, contributing to global warming,
he wrote, and nations should reevaluate farm subsidies that distort prices
and encourage meat-based diets. "We've promoted a diet that has added
excessively to global warming," Popkin said in an interview. Successfully
shifting away from red meat can be as easy as increasing fruits and vegetables
in the diet, said Elisabetta Politi of the Duke Diet and Fitness Center in
Durham, N.C. A balanced diet along with exercise, avoiding smoking
and avoiding drinking alcohol can prevent deadly diseases including cancers.
Not surprisingly, the National Pork Board and National Cattlemen's Beef Association
questioned the findings.
Exercise and Cancer
According to US scientists from the Washington University School of Medicine
in St Louis, and publishing in the British Journal of Cancer, active people
are 24% less likely to develop colon cancer than the less active. They reviewed
52 previous studies, and took into account different types of activity including
manual labour, as well as running or going to the gym. Colon cancer is the
most common form of bowel cancer which affects 36,500 people in the UK each
year, causing 16,000 deaths.
Alcohol Causes Cancer
Alcohol is a known risk factor in humans of all races for a variety of cancers,
including esophageal, even light drinking.
Asians are at a higher risk. Researchers reported the link, the inherited
flushing trait found in about a third of people from Japan, China and Korea,
which offers valuable health information. Turn a bit red when you drink
a mere half bottle of beer? If you're of Asian descent, consider that a warning:
You may be at higher risk of alcohol-caused esophageal cancer.
At issue here is facial flushing from a small amount of alcohol. It's due
to a deficiency in an enzyme that helps metabolize alcohol, called ALDH2.
People with a severe deficiency of the enzyme usually don't drink because
it makes them feel too bad; in addition to flushing they feel nausea and
a rapid heartbeat. But people with a partial deficiency -- they inherited
one bad copy of the enzyme-producing gene instead of two -- may put up with
the flushing. A series of studies by Japan's Kurihama Alcohol Center found
that those people are six to 10 times more likely to develop esophageal cancer
than people who drink a comparable amount but aren't enzyme-deficient.
Turmeric is especially used in Indian cuisine, and has also been recognised
as a powerful treatment for colds, flu, wounds and infections. The principal
ingredient in it is curcumin which has been revealed to contain several health
inducing properties such as antioxidants, antibiotic, antiviral and even
anti cancer. A research study led by Professor Ayyalusamy Ramamoorthy from
the University of Michigan has discovered how curcumin does its work. Curcumin
enters cell membranes and makes them more disciplined resulting in greater
resistance to infections.
Ignorance Contributing to Disease
A recent poll discovered that a lot of people are not aware what foods increase
cancer risk. The poll was funded by the World Cancer Research Fund and surveyed
nearly 2,000 people asking about their knowledge of the link between diet
and cancer. Interestingly, 40 percent of those surveyed did not realise
the connection between a poor diet and the heightened risk of cancer. Only
44 percent of the study sample understood that an active lifestyle complete
with regular exercise was instrumental in reducing the risk of cancer.
Additionally, the survey uncovered that 44 percent of the people questioned
made no importance of being over weight and that it was also a risk factor
to health. 33 percent of the people did know that cancer risks were
heightened by eating processed meat.
The scientific evidence is clear that people can reduce their risk of cancer
through eating healthily and reducing their intake of things like alcohol
and meat. The World Cancer Research Fund concluded that better education
was required to make people aware of the connection between diet and cancer.
Obesity = Smoking
Likening the risks of obesity to those of smoking, a large European study
spanning decades has found that young men who were overweight at age 18 were
as likely to die by 60 as light smokers, while obese teenagers, like heavy
smokers, were at double the risk of dying early. While obesity is linked
to a slew of health problems, the new findings fly in the face of numerous
recent studies showing that people who are merely overweight may not be at
higher risk of premature death than those of normal weight. The study
was published in the British Medical Journal. Smoking is one of the most
important causes of preventable death and disease, so is obesity.
May Steal Up to 10 Years of Life
Being too heavy can take 3 to 10 years off a person's life, British researchers
reported this week. The researchers put together data from 57 studies. They
included a total of nearly 900,000 people. They focused on the people's body
mass index (BMI). This is a number that's based on the ratio between weight
and height. A BMI of 25 to 29 is considered overweight. Above 30 is obese.
Above 40 is morbidly (dangerously) obese. Researchers found that people with
a BMI of 30 to 35 lived about 3 years less than average. Those with a BMI
of 40 or higher lost 10 years of life. That's about the same as the years
lost from being a smoker. The journal Lancet published the study online.
Five children who once had severe allergies now can eat peanuts because doctors
retrained their immune systems. Researchers described the experiment at a
conference this week. In the study, children were given tiny amounts of peanut
flour. Over months or years, they were able to tolerate greater amounts.
The kids kept having some peanuts each day so their bodies would stay used
to them. The Associated Press reported this week on the newest part of the
study. Researchers tried to find out if the children who had built up a tolerance
could go without any peanuts for a month and then eat peanuts without an
allergic reaction. Five out of nine children were able to do this. Researchers
cautioned that the results are preliminary. Parents should never try this
on their own.
Diabetes Leads to Alzheimer’s
You've heard that diabetes hurts your heart, eyes and kidneys. In addition,
diabetes damages blood vessels that supply the brain. New research indicates
that diabetes increases the risk of getting Alzheimer's disease and may speed
dementia once it strikes. It now seems that the damage may start before
someone is diagnosed with full-blown diabetes, back when the body is gradually
losing its ability to regulate blood sugar. Excess cortisol in adipose
tissue causes metabolic syndrome resulting in insulin resistance, diabetes
and other diseases, whereas cortisol excess in brain is implicated in neurological
disorders such as dementia, Alzheimer’s, depression etc. Thus, the
damage in brain may start before someone is diagnosed with full-blown diabetes,
back when the body is gradually losing its ability to regulate blood sugar.
More than 5 million Americans have Alzheimer's, and cases already are projected
to skyrocket in the next two decades as the population ages. The question
is how much the simultaneous obesity-fueled epidemic of Type 2 diabetes may
worsen that toll.
New Baby Boom
in the US
More babies were born in the United States in 2007 than any other year ever,
the government said this week. The number of births even surpassed 1957, the
peak year of the baby boom, the Associated Press said. But things have changed
a lot since then. Women don't have as many children each, but the population
is much larger. And 4 out of 10 babies were born to unmarried mothers. That
rate is also an all-time high. It reflects more births to couples who choose
not to marry and women who decide to raise children alone. Teen births also
were up, for the second year in a row. The report on births came from the
National Center for Health Statistics.
Cats and dogs are a factor in more than 86,000 serious falls each year,
according to the first government study of pet-related tumbles. Such incidents
are relatively rare, accounting for just about 1 percent of injuries from
falls. The vast majority cause only minor injuries, according to the Centers
for Disease Control and Prevention. But they are a disproportionate hazard
for senior citizens, said CDC officials. They advise older people to improve
lighting, remove pet toys and use obedience training.
Tofu Scramble with Spinach
Ingredients: 1 tsp olive oil, 1 onion, diced, 3 cloves garlic, minced, 1
container firm or extra firm tofu, pressed and crumbled, 1 tsp curry powder,
1/2 tsp turmeric, 1/2 tsp cumin (optional), salt and pepper to taste, 2 tomatoes,
diced, 1 bunch fresh spinach
Preparation: Sautee the garlic and onion in olive oil in a large skillet.
Allow to cook for 3 to 5 minutes, or until onion turns soft. Add remaining
ingredients except spinach and cook, stirring frequently for another 5 minutes
or so, until tofu is hot and cooked, adding more oil if needed. Add spinach
and cook a minute or two, just until wilted, stirring well. Makes two servings
of tofu scramble.
Ingredients: 6 cups vegetable broth or water, 1 onion, minced; 3 cloves
garlic, minced; 3 tbsp olive oil; 1 cup Arborio rice (risotto rice); salt
and pepper to taste; 1/2 cup sun-dried tomatoes in oil, drained and sliced;
1/4 cup fresh chopped basil; 2 tsp fresh chopped parsley; 1/3 cup vegan Parmesan
cheese substitute (optional).
Preparation: Sautee the onion and garlic in olive oil for 3 to 5 minutes
or until soft. Add the risotto rice and cook, stirring constantly to avoid
burning. Allow to cook for about 2 to 3 minutes, or until rice just starts
to brown. Add 1 cup of water or vegetable broth and stir well to combine.
Add a dash of salt and pepper. When most of the liquid has been absorbed,
add one more cup of water, along with the tomatoes, basil and parsley. As
the moisture gets absorbed, continue to add broth or water one cup at a time,
stirring frequently, until the rice is cooked. Sprinkle with vegan
Parmesan cheese before serving, if desired.
Spicy Red Pepper
Ingredients: 1 onion, diced; 3 green onions (scallions), sliced; 1 red bell
pepper, diced; 3 cloves garlic, minced; 1 tbsp olive oil; 1 1/3 cups arborio
rice; 1/4 tsp cayenne pepper; 1/2 tsp red pepper flakes; 2 1/2 cups vegetable
broth; 2/3 cup white wine; salt and pepper, to taste
Preparation: Sautee the onion, green onions, bell pepper and garlic in olive
oil until soft, about 3 to 5 minutes. Add rice and cook for one more minute.
Add red pepper and cayenne. Begin to add vegetable broth, 1/2 cup at a time.
Stir, and wait until most of the liquid has been absorbed before adding more.
Continue adding vegetable broth, and then the white wine 1/2 cup at a time.
Season with salt and pepper. Sprinkle with Parmesan cheese or a vegan cheese
Notice: This material contains only
general descriptions and is not a solicitation
to sell any insurance product or security, nor is
it intended as any financial, tax, medical or health care advice.
For information about specific needs or situations,
contact your financial, tax agent or physician.
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primary sources cited above,
New York Times (NYT), Washington
Post (WP), Mercury News, Bayarea.com,
Chicago Tribune, USA Today, Intellihealthnews,
Deccan Chronicle (DC),
the Hindu, Hindustan Times, Times
of India, AP, Reuters, AFP, womenfitness.net,