Associate Editors &
Venkateswararao Karuparthy, MD, DABPM
Varaprasad Chamakura, PhD
Rajagopal Duddu, PhD
Ramarao Vepachedu, PhD
Marina Strakhova, PhD
5106 Kali Era , taarana
Year, Vaisakha month
Era , taarana Year, Vaisakha month
Diet and Exercise
Curry Powder and Turmeric
Season in the Indian Continent
Reduces Blood Pressure
Alcohol Causes Gout
Iron and Brain
Cancer and Your Habits
Vegetarian Diet Reduces
and Your Child
STDs in Women
and Lung Cancer
Exercise Reduces Breast Cancer
Performs C-Section on Herself
and Kidney Stones
Man's Biological Clock
TV and Your Child
Arch Support in
AIDS in India
Disease in the Third World
Disease and Erectile Dysfunction
Obesity in Children
CARAMEL FUDGE CAKE
and Corn Toast
and vegetable salad
|Diet and Exercise
Scientists knew that leptin is released by fat cells and tells the brain
how much fat is on the body. They knew that animals lacking leptin become
incredibly obese, as do a few humans who because of genetic mutations did
not make the hormone. Leptin injections immediately made animals, and the
patients with leptin deficiencies, lose their appetites. Their weight returned
to normal. New studies in mice suggest that the hormone leptin can fundamentally
change the brain's circuitry in areas that control appetite. Leptin acts
during a critical period early in life, possibly influencing how much animals
eat as adults. And later in life, responding to how much fat is on an animal's
body, it can again alter brain circuitry that controls how much is eaten.
Reported in Science, April 2nd.
Back to the top
The American Association of Nutritional Sciences at
Experimental Biology 2004, a joint conference in Washington, presented
confirmation of the benefits of a varied, wholesome diet and called into
question the wisdom of low-carb and other fad diets. In one study, men
and women who ate three or more daily servings of whole grain foods were the
least likely to be overweight or obese. In a second study, people who
ate a variety of foods were more likely to get the recommended levels of
vitamins and other nutrients than people who stuck to a few favorite foods.
The researchers said more than half the American population eats less than
one serving of whole grain foods each day. People who ate three or more servings
of whole grain foods a day had a significantly lower body mass index.
People who meet nutritional guidelines through food, mostly by eating plenty
of fruit, vegetables and whole grains, have lower rates of cancer and heart
The Florida Department of Citrus on April 20,
2004 launched a nationwide ad campaign that citrus officials hope will counter
low-carb diets that discourage drinking orange juice because of its sugar
content. The campaign extols the healthy virtues of orange juice, and pushes
a message that orange juice strengthens the immune system and can help
prevent heart disease, cancer and strokes.
Curry leaf plant is known as karivepa in Telugu language. The
botanical name is Chalcas koenigii or Murraya koenigii Sprengel.
It belongs to the family Rutaceae. It is a small deciduous tree and native
of the Indian Continent. Murraya koenigii is propagated by growing
the small suckers from the base of the tree, by root cutting, or by seed.
Don't confuse with its bitter cousin Vepa or neem (Azadirachta
indica, family Meliaceae). This is not to be confused with the plant called
'Curry Plant' (Helichrysum angustifolium) which is grown for its essential
oil, used in fruit flavors for candies, ice cream, chewing gum, and perfumes.
This is not to be confused with curry powder either (see below). People often
think of curry as a spice, but in fact in Telugu ku:ra means any vegetable
or non-vegetable dish (usually cooked with spices) and the Tamil word kari
means a soup or sauce or dish. However, the British mistakenly applied the
word to the mixture of spices used to flavor these dishes. Curry leaves
are a must in Telugu and other Indian cooking for their distinct, spicy flavor.
There is hardly any dish without curry leaves in Telugu cooking. The
same may be true in other south Indian cooking, including Sri Lanka.
It is not only well known for its subtle flavor and popular use in cooking,
but also for its medical properties. Fresh juice of curry leaves mixed
with lime juice and sugar cures morning sickness, nausea and vomiting due
to indigestion. A glass of buttermilk with a pinch of salt and a spoonful
of grounded curry leaf paste, taken on an empty stomach, relieves stomachache.
Chewing the tender leaf helps control loose motions. Curry leaves
cooked in milk and ground to a paste, when applied to poisonous insect bites
and other wounds and cuts, relieves pain and removes swelling. Curry
leaves ground with turmeric and taken daily is an effective remedy for allergic
reactions. Curry leaves and black pepper beaten with sour curd is beneficial
to those suffering from gas formation due to indigestion. Curry leaves
boiled in coconut oil acts as an excellent hair tonic. It also stimulates
hair growth and retains the natural pigmentation. When ground with
raw turmeric to a paste and applied on the foot it prevents cracking.
Eating 10 fresh, fully-grown curry leaves every morning is beneficial in
controlling diabetes and in weight loss.
|Curry Powder and Turmeric
A new study provides more evidence that culinary spices indeed play a
role in good health. For example, studies have shown that cinnamon can improve
glucose (blood sugar) and cholesterol levels in the blood in people with
type 2 diabetes and those fighting high cholesterol. Cloves, bay leaves,
and turmeric have also shown promise in improving diabetes. The spices appear
to protect cells, tissues, and arteries against the damaging effects of
free radicals in the bloodstream. Free radicals are the by-products of cell
processes that damage cells. Mounting evidence shows that this type of cell
damage in the brain also leads to Alzheimer's disease. The new finding about
curry powder was presented this month at the annual scientific conference
held by the American Physiological Society in Washington. Curcumin
has high levels of phenols, potent antioxidants that can prevent cell damage
caused by free radicals. Curcumin is extracted from the rhizome of
the Curcuma longa plant, the distinctive yellow pigment. Curcumin triggers
an enzyme known as hemeoxygenase-1 or HO-1, which protects cells from free
radical damage that causes inflammation and tissue damage, the root of various
diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, and Alzheimer's disease.
Cystic fibrosis (CF) afflicts about 30,000 American children and young
adults. It attacks patients' lungs with thick mucus trapping bacteria.
Most eventually die from lung damage or infection. CF also harms digestion
and vitamin absorption as the mucus clogs other organs. The curcumin research,
published in April 22nd edition of the journal Science, shows
a possible way to attack the disease's underlying cause. Eating the substance
found in the Indian spice turmeric significantly cut deaths among mice with
the genetic disease.
Mango Season in the Indian
Mango or maamidi (Telugu) is considered as the king of fruits.
It is not only a delicious fruit, but also medicinal. The unripe fruit
mixed with oil and sugar is useful in cases of sunstroke and heatstroke.
The sun-dried pieces of unripe fruit are useful in cases of scurvy (Vitamin
C deficiency). The fried skin of the unripe fruit is given with sugar
useful in cases of Menorrhagia (excessive menstrual bleeding). The tree bark
powder or decoction is useful in cases of leucorrhoea, menorrhagia and in
muco-purulent discharge from uterus. The powder of the fried skin of the
unripe fruit with milk and honey for bleeding dysentery and is also useful
for digestion. The ripe fruit is useful as an intestinal demulcent and
for constipation. The ripe fruit is useful as a cardiac tonic, blood
coagulant and is used in haemorragic disorders. The ripe fruit juice mixed
with honey is recommended for liver and spleen disorders. The decoction of
the bark is used as a mouthwash and as a local application and as a gargle-fluid
in inflammations in oral cavity. The powder of dried tender leaves is
used in diarrhea and diabetes, it can be applied locally to cuts, ulcers and
Meditation Reduces Blood Pressure
One in four adults have hypertension, which is a risk factor for heart
attack and stroke, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Teens who have higher-than-normal blood pressure are more likely to develop
the chronic disease when they're older. Meditation is one of several
things including healthy eating and exercise that can help lower blood
pressure. A study by the Medical College of Georgia
found that two 15-minute meditation sessions each day helped teenage students
lower their blood pressure over four months.
Back to the top
One of humankind's most ancient diseases, the painful joint condition
gout, is the leading cause of arthritis in men. It is less common in women,
occurring only after menopause. Sometimes, gout causes excruciating episodes
of pain in feet and joints. Severe cases can cause major disability
or kidney failure. Curtailing alcohol consumption is already recommended
for people who suffer from the disease. Confirming the wisdom of ages,
researchers have found that drinking alcohol can more than double a man's
risk of developing gout. The connection to drinking has been believed
for centuries, but a study published in April in The Lancet
medical journal verifies it for the first time and found that even light indulgence
increases the risk. The higher the daily alcohol consumption, the more likely
gout was to develop, and the disease was more than twice as likely to occur
in men who drank compared with those who drank none. The strongest link was
with beer. Each daily serving of beer increased the risk by 50 percent.
Back to the top
Alcohol consumption appears to moderately increase the risk of cancer
in the colon and rectum, researchers report in the Annals of Internal
Medicine. The cancer risk was increased for those who regularly drank
at least 30 grams of alcohol per day. For example, drinking 30 to 45 grams
raised the risk by 21 percent, while drinking more than 45 grams increased
the risk by 51 percent. The results were similar for women and men,
and did not differ between various locations in the colon. The risk also
did not differ for beer, wine or liquor, leading to believe that it was the
alcohol itself and not other components that was responsible for the increased
risk. In the general population, reducing alcohol use to less than
30 grams per day could prevent 5 percent of colon cancer cases in men and
0.9 percent of cases in women.
Cordyceps is one of the most rare and treasured herbs, and it has been
an important ingredient in Chinese medicine for thousands of years.
It can be found on isolated places in southwestern China, especially in
the provinces of Tibet, Sichuan, Qinghai, Guise and Yunnan, in locations
over 3,500 meters. The mushroom became a Chinese remedy around 1,500
years ago after herdsmen in the Himalayas noticed a significant increase
in their herds' strength and agility after eating it. Tests showed people
aged between 40 and 70 who lived a sedentary lifestyle became fitter after
taking an extract of the Cordyceps mushroom. The research presented
to the American Physiological Society indicated an improvement
in the ability to exercise and a reduction in tiredness. Cordyceps became
famous because it is believed to have powerful aphrodisiac effects.
Back to the top
The brainpower of young women who are lacking in iron can be markedly
boosted by taking supplements of the mineral, suggests a new study presented
at the Experimental Biology 2004 meeting in Washington DC on
April 19th. Iron deficiency is very common among women of reproductive age
due to blood loss during menstruation. However, women of Anglo-Saxon
origins should not rush to take iron supplements without proper medical
examination. This is because about one in 20 people of Anglo-Saxon origin
carry a gene for "iron overload" or heredity haemochromatosis.
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Prostate Cancer and Your Habits
The prostate is one of the male sex glands, about the size of a walnut
and can be divided into two parts referred to as the right or left lobes.
It lies just below the urinary bladder and surrounds the upper part of the
urethra. The urethra is the tube that carries urine from the bladder and
semen from the sex glands out through the penis. The male sex hormones
stimulate the activity of the prostate and the replacement of prostate
cells as they wear out. The chief male hormone is testosterone, which is
produced almost entirely by the testes. The prostate adds nutrients
and fluid to the sperm. During ejaculation, the prostate secretes fluid
that is part of the semen. The other major sex glands in men are the testes
and the seminal vesicles. Together, these glands store and secrete the fluids
that make up semen.
Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer in men, after skin cancer
in America. One in every six men will develop it and kills about 30,000 each
year, according to the National Prostate Cancer Coalition.
Compared with other types of cancer, prostate cancer is relatively slow growing.
A man with prostate cancer may live for many years without ever having the
cancer discovered. As a man gets older, his risk of developing prostate
cancer increases. More than 70% of prostate cancers are diagnosed in men
over 65 years of age.
Scandinavian, British and African Americans are at high risk and Asian
and Indian men are at lower risk. Vegetarians are approximately half as
likely to develop prostate cancer as meat eaters. It is also observed that
people in eastern countries such as India and China are far less likely
than westerners to develop cancer. However, it is increasing those countries
also, coinciding with the availability and popularity of western food.
A study that appears in the Journal of the American Medical Association
on April 7, involved 29,342 white men ages 46 to 81 who were asked about
their ejaculations in their 20s, 40s and during the previous year, 1991.
During about eight years of follow-up, 1,449 men developed prostate cancer.
On average, the men overall had four to seven ejaculations a month. No increased
risk of prostate cancer was seen in men who reported more frequent ejaculations,
and there appeared to be a decreased risk in men with the highest reported
levels. The two highest activity levels, 13 to 20 ejaculations a
month and at least 21 a month, were linked with decreased cancer risks
of 14 percent and 33 percent respectively. But relatively few men in the
study reported heavy sexual activity. As the prostate cancer risk
is high in men over 65 years of age, they may have to find ways to ejaculate
more than 21 times a month to reduce the risk of prostate cancer by regularly
removing the cancerous chemicals.
There are many factors that may affect your risk of developing prostate
cancer, not just sex. Obesity increases the risk for higher-grade prostate
cancer and higher recurrence rates after radical prostatectomy, reported
in a December 22 online release from the Journal of Clinical Oncology.
Diet high in fat (fatty meats, dairy food) and vitamin A from animal sources
(red meats, especially liver) cause increased risk of prostate cancer.
While, diet high in vitamin A from plant sources, beta carotene (orange,
red or dark green leafy vegetables), isoflavonoids (plant-based weak estrogens
found in soy products), lycopenes (carotenoid antioxidant found in tomatoes),
selenium (grains), and vitamin E (vegetable and seed oils, whole grains,
wheat germ, green leafy vegetables) reduce the risk of prostate cancer.
Many studies have found that men who eat tomato products have a lower risk
of prostate cancer, and scientists have credited lycopene, the compound
that makes tomatoes red. Research published in November 2003 of the
Journal of the National Cancer Institute suggests that men seeking
to benefit from the properties of tomatoes will have to eat tomato sauce,
paste or the whole fruit instead of popping a pill.
A number of studies have suggested that eating plenty of fruits and vegetables
may help ward off prostate cancer, while "Western"-style diets heavy in
animal fat and dairy products may increase a man's risk of the disease.
Men who eat their veggies may be less likely than others to develop prostate
cancer, a new study in the International Journal of Cancer,
March 2004, suggests. Among men, those who ate the most fiber, particularly
from vegetable sources, had a lower risk of developing the disease, the
Italian researchers found. Fiber comes in two main forms, soluble and insoluble.
Soluble fiber partially dissolves in water, and its food sources include
vegetables, fruit, oatmeal and legumes. Insoluble fiber, which passes through
the digestive system largely intact, is found in foods like whole grains,
seeds and the skin on fruit. Men who got the most fiber from vegetables were
18 percent less likely than those who ate the least to develop prostate cancer.
Black men in Virginia are nearly twice as likely to die from prostate cancer
than white men, Virginia state health officials reported on April 20, 2004.
Back to the top
Vegetarian Diet Reduces Cancer
Eating a meat-free, vegetarian diet reduces the risk of colorectal cancer,
new research suggests. After following more than 10,000 people for 17 years,
investigators found that vegetarians were 15 percent less likely to develop
colorectal cancer than meat-eaters. This study adds to the "increasing
scientific evidence" that a diet rich in fruit, vegetables and fiber and
low in meat-especially red and processed meat-can prevent colorectal cancer,
according to the British Journal of Cancer report.
Along with a decreased risk of cancer from eating vegetarian, the investigators
found that frequent fruit eaters - consuming more than 5 servings of fruit
per week-were over 40 percent less likely to develop colorectal cancer.
Smoking, drinking alcohol and eating more than 15 slices of white bread
per week appeared to increase the risk of colorectal cancer. According to
an article published in 2003 in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community
Health, adults who consumed large quantities of fruit during childhood
years appeared to have significantly lower rates of cancer than those consuming
small quantities of fruit as children.
Back to Contents
Caffeine Content in Coffee
Caffeine is far and away the most widely used stimulant in the world.
It is actually a member of a class of compounds called xanthines that includes
theobromine, which is abundant in chocolate and theophylline, the major
xanthine in tea. Each large cup contains on average about 375 milligrams,
according to a 2003 study of caffeinated coffee published in The Journal
of Analytical Toxicology. In general, more than 1.5 grams of caffeine a
day can cause the typical symptoms of caffeinism: anxiety, insomnia, irritability
Back to the top
Fizzy Drinks and Your Child
Drinking carbonated beverages from Dr. Pepper to Diet Coke, which are
easily available in many middle school and high school vending machines,
is the major cause of tooth erosion in teenagers. This occurs when the protective
enamel coating on teeth wears away. Researchers from Britain's Birmingham
University have published some sobering statistics: Drinking four or more
glasses of fizzy drinks a day raises a 12-year-old's chances of suffering
tooth erosion by 252 percent; and heavy consumption of soda pop by 14-year-olds
increases the risk of tooth erosion to 513 percent.
A high intake of sweetened carbonated drinks probably contributes to
childhood obesity, and there is a growing movement against soft drinks
in schools. A study, outlined on the Web site of The British Medical
Journal, found that a one-year campaign discouraging both sweetened
and diet soft drinks led to a decrease in the percentage of elementary school
children who were overweight or obese.
Sun and STDs in
Sunshine can affect susceptibility to a variety of everyday viruses
like papilloma. These viruses are spread through sexual contact, and they
are the most common cause of cervical cancer, a disease that kills about
10,000 U.S. women annually. Although the virus can cause genital warts,
most infected people have no outward symptoms. Researchers using data from
Holland found that detection of papilloma virus infection during routine
cancer screening peaks during August, presented at at a meeting in
Orlando of the American Association for Cancer Research, in March.
The scientists found that the sunnier the year and the sunnier the month,
the higher the rate of human papilloma virus. August is consistently the
sunniest month in southern Holland, and the screening tests picked up twice
as much evidence of papilloma virus infection than as in the winter. The
virus fell off sharply in September.
No one can say exactly when people are having the most sex. Records
show that conception is most likely to occur in Holland in March, indicating
that people are having the most sex in March, although there is only about
a 10 percent variation over the year. So, increase in sex is not responsible
for the increase in HPV infection in August. Even though women are
exposed to papilloma at roughly the same level year round, the summer sunlight
probably weakens their defenses against it. Other research has suggested
a connection between sunlight and susceptibility to herpes and adenovirus.
Another study, also presented at the meeting, found that the more sunlight
people receive, the less likely they are to get non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
Back to Contents
Indian Women and Suicide
Globally, the suicide rate for men is about 24 per 100,000, and about
6.8 per 100,000 for women. In a study in The Lancet medical journal, researchers
give the first picture of suicide among young people in the Indian Union.
The study looked at a community of 108,000 people in Vellore in the State
of Tamilnadu in the Indian Union, over a period of 10 years, from 1992-2001.
There were 122 suicides among the community's roughly 20,000 10- to 19-year-olds.
Forty of the suicides were committed by men and 82 by women. Vellore is
located 145km from Chennai. It is noteworthy for the Vijayanagar fort
and its temple, which are in an excellent state of preservation and worth
visiting. The famous rivers Palar and Ponnar flow through this City. The
Christian Medical College of Vellore occupies a prominent place among medical
institutions in India and in the world.
Taking folic acid supplements could help women avoid a life-threatening
complication of pregnancy. A study published in Hypertension: Journal
of the American Heart Association found that black women who developed
pre-eclampsia, a condition that causes sudden, serious high blood pressure
in pregnancy, had lower levels of folic acid and higher levels of homocysteine
than white women. Black women tend to be at higher risk for pre-eclampsia
compared to white women.
A study, which appears in the February issue of the American Journal
of Clinical Nutrition, showed that women who took the red clover-derived
supplement experienced a significantly lower loss of bone mineral density,
bone mineral content, and blood markers of bone turnover in the lumbar (lower)
spine compared with the women who took the placebo. Isoflavones found in
plant foods, such as soybeans and red clover, are structurally similar to
estrogen and have been proposed as an alternative to menopausal hormone therapy
for the prevention of osteoporosis.
Back to Contents
|Smoking, Women and Lung Cancer
According to a report in Journal of American Medical Association,
lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in US women and is responsible
for as many deaths as breast cancer and all gynecological cancers combined.
Most lung cancer is caused by cigarette smoke. Despite all that is known
about the devastating effects of cigarettes, one quarter of women in the
United States continue to smoke. Women are targeted in tobacco advertising,
and teenage girls are often drawn to cigarette smoking under a variety of
social pressures. Following the increase in smoking, the death rate
from lung cancer in US women rose 600% from 1930 to 1997. Women may be more
susceptible than men to the carcinogenic properties of cigarette smoke. In
addition, differences in the biology of lung cancer exist between the 2 sexes
with higher levels of DNA adduct formation, increased CYP1A1 expression,
decreased DNA repair capacity, and increased incidence of K-ras gene mutations
in women. The novel estrogen receptorhas also been detected in lung tumors
and suggests that estrogen signaling may have a biological role in tumorigenesis.
Given these differences and given the enormous toll this disease has on US
women, undertaking sex-specific research in lung cancer is crucial. Finally,
disseminating information about this epidemic may prevent a similar epidemic
in other parts of the world where women are just now becoming addicted to
tobacco through Westernization in the name of modernization.
Back to Contents
Woman Performs C-Section
A woman in southern Mexico cut open her own womb with a knife and delivered
a healthy baby boy in her rural home when problems developed during childbirth.
The woman and her son, her ninth child, both survived despite an
eight-hour car ride to the nearest hospital and several hours' wait for
medical care once there. The woman involved was 40, living in a dirt-floored
house with no running water or electricity. A nurse stitched up the
woman's abdomen with an ordinary needle and thread. The incident happened
about two years ago, but the report appeared in the March issue of the
International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics.
Back to Contents
Exercise Reduces Breast Cancer
Exercise not only reduces women's risk of developing breast cancer, it
may reduce breast cancer patients' risk of dying from the disease. A study
presented at the American Association for Cancer Research meeting in Orlando
this week finds that moderate amounts of exercise -- as little as a half-hour
of walking each day -- can increase a woman's odds of surviving breast cancer
by 25 to 50 percent.
Calcium and Kidney
Including more calcium in the diet may help to reduce the risk of kidney
stone formation in younger women, according to an article in the April 26
issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine. Diet plays an
important role in the development of kidney stones. In older men and women,
higher levels of dietary calcium, sodium, animal protein, and sucrose (sugar)
may be associated with a reduced risk of developing kidney stones. A compound
called phytate (found in plants and cereal grains) may also play a role and
might inhibit the formation of kidney stones by preventing tiny crystals
of calcium oxalate (which is a component of kidney stones) from forming.
The findings indicate that a higher intake of dietary calcium decreases
the risk of kidney stone formation in younger women.
Women have long been aware of the fact that age has impact on their fertility
and the possibility of children with Down's syndrome. Latest birth
statistics released in December 2003 by the Center for Disease Control
and Prevention (CDC) indicates that women in two groups, 35-39 and
40-45 years are having children at the highest level in three decades.
Usually women marry men of same age or older, so the age of the fathers
is also important. With many couples having children at an older
age, increased risk for birth defects is gaining importance. The
first link between paternal age and incidence of birth defects was noted
in 1912. A report in Journal of American Medical Association,
April 16th issue, says biological clock ticks for men also. Diseases
such as Apert syndrome, achondroplasia, schizophrenia etc. are associated
with the age of the father.
Back to Contents
and Your Child
There are lots of reasons for children not to watch television.
Studies have shown it to be associated with obesity and aggressiveness. A
study, in the April issue of Pediatrics, focused on two groups
of children, aged 1 and 3, and suggested that TV permanently "rewires" the
developing brain, developing attention deficit problems later in life. The
findings back up previous research showing that television can shorten attention
spans and support American Academy of Pediatrics recommendations that youngsters
under age 2 not watch television.
Back to Contents
| ADHD in Children
ADHD, the most common neurobehavioral disorder in childhood, affects
4 percent to 12 percent of U.S. school-age children. Symptoms may include
short attention span, impulsive behavior, and difficulty focusing and sitting
still. New research bolsters evidence that stimulants like Ritalin used for
attention deficit problems may stunt children's growth. Children who
took stimulants during the two-year study grew more than half an inch less
and gained over eight pounds less than those who weren't medicated. Girls
generally reach their final height around age 16 and boys around age 18,
so it's too soon to tell if the growth delays continued or were permanent.
Back to Contents
Support in Shoes
Putting arch supports in your shoes could protect you from a common sports
injury. A study that looked at 11 college basketball players found that
arch supports reduced stress on the fifth metatarsal, a small bone in the
foot that is susceptible to fractures during jumping and running, which
was presented at a meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic
A 60 Minutes Special Report Apr 11, 2004 reports that AIDS
may get out of control in India. But according to a CIA report, if the
epidemic isn't contained soon, it could come back to haunt the US by weakening
India's army, and damaging India's economy, which is closely tied to the
US economy now. Experts say India is close to the tipping point,
after that, the virus will have spread too far to be contained. Right now,
it's still India's prostitutes who have been hit the hardest.
A local outreach doctor showed 60 Minutes around Mumbai's red light district.
Most of the women were reluctant to talk about AIDS. The few that did, however,
said condoms, the only thing between them and virtual-certain death, are
simply bad for business. Dr. Suniti Solomon first detected AIDS in India
among prostitutes more than a decade ago. But, the virus has spread well
beyond the red light districts. Roughly about 20 percent of Solomon's
patients are truckers, because drivers at truck stops often frequent prostitutes
and many have little understanding of how the HIV virus is spread. Ninety
percent of Solomon's female patients are not prostitutes, but monogamous women
who've contracted HIV from their promiscuous husbands. Because of Dr. Yusuf
Hamied runs an Indian pharmaceutical company called Cipla, which makes inexpensive
knockoffs of expensive Western drugs that have extended the lives of so many
HIV-infected Americans, AIDS today is not a death sentence in India.
By doing so, he hasn't broken any laws in India, because the country's patent
rules still allow pharmaceuticals to be copied, until January 2005.
That's brought the cost of treating someone with AIDS down from $12,000 a
year to less than $300.
Bill Gates recently donated $200 million specifically to combat AIDS in
India. “This is the largest initiative focused on a single country we've
ever done,” says Gates. “India's very important. It's the world's largest
democracy. It's doing a great job in its educational institutions and developing
a lot of programmers. Microsoft, my day job, has benefited from a lot of
very smart people from India.” So has the United States. A CIA report
warns that "The rise of AIDS will have significant economic... implications."
The CIA report says resistant strains of the virus "have spread around the
world," in part because the triple cocktail drug regimen is not only expensive,
but complicated. But Hamied has a solution: By ignoring the patents held
by the different big pharmaceuticals that manufacture the three drugs in
the cocktail, he and other generics-producers have created an all-in-one
pill that's much easier, and cheaper, to take. Despite the CIA's warning,
the U.S. government has focused almost all of its AIDS programs so far on
the parts of the world where the virus is already out of control, Africa
and the Caribbean. It has offered comparatively little money - less than
1 percent of the entire AIDS expenditure - to address the epidemic in India.
Back to Contents
|Heart Disease in the Third World
Low- and middle-income countries suffer about 80 percent of the world's
17 million deaths every year from heart disease, including stroke, researchers
found. In the age group of 30 to 59, for example, the rate of men dying
from heart disease in Russia is about five times that of the United States;
in India, it's nearly double; and in South Africa and Brazil, markedly higher.
India alone is losing a million people a year from its potential active
work force. In total, the loss is about 21 million productive years annually,
and it will climb to about 34 million by 2030 unless communities and their
governments take action. Columbia's Earth Institute and its school
of public health, the University of Sydney in Australia and the Initiative
for Cardiovascular Health Research in The Developing Countries sponsored
the report. It was available on the institute's Web site on April 23rd.
Back to Contents
Heart Disease and Erectile
Age, obesity, high cholesterol, and high triglyceride measurements in midlife
predict not only heart disease risks, but also the likelihood of erectile
dysfunction decades later, according to a new study in the April 21, 2004
issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.
Mean age, body mass index, cholesterol, and triglycerides were each significantly
associated with an increased risk of erectile dysfunction. Cigarette smoking
was common in those with severe or complete erectile dysfunction, as compared
with those without erectile dysfunction. Blood pressure and fasting blood
glucose were not significantly associated with erectile dysfunction, due
to higher death rates among men with higher blood pressure or blood sugar
levels. Not surprisingly, the men who were still alive appeared to be those
who were healthier 25 years ago.
Viagra, cialis and levitra makers spend billions of dollars on ads to market
these drugs for erectile dysfunction. However, ancient Indian Medicine called
Ayurveda has remedies for impotency, which are not as expensive as Western
drugs. Aswagandha extract as an rejuvenator and anti-fatigue
agent relieves from stress & strain and its anti-anxiety properties
are further enhanced with Jatamamsi, makes a remarkable effect on
the individuals before and after coitius. It is a best adoptogen, prevents
insomnia and nervousness, reduces physical weakness and builds stamina.
Akalkara with its strong aphrodisiac properties quickly
induces concentration & mood elevation. Along with Yashtimadhu
its action on central nervous system controls decongestion of genetials,
improves erection & reduces frigidity. Shankapushpi
in combination with Brahmi improves mental faculties enhances
thinking capacity provides confidence & alertness.
Silajit (Black Bitumen) betters the geneto-urinary conditions, regulate
blood pressure, increases libido, improves the quality & quantity of
semen and helps to control leucorrhoea. Atmagupta extract enhances
the urge and satisfies the individual with aphrodisiac action.
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Osteoarthritis develops as cartilage that cushions the joints wears away,
leaving the ends of the bones rubbing against each other. The condition
commonly begins to show up between ages 40 and 60. Extra weight on the cartilage
brings extra risk of the joint disease. People ages 60 and older had
a 60 percent chance of pain if they were obese, according to the study in
the October 2003 edition of the journal Obesity Research.
Losing weight can reduce the risk of developing arthritis. Cartilage benefits
by being well-fed. It gets nutrients from fluids in the joint, and the nutrients
can be squeezed into the tissue by movement. The muscles that protect
the knee, one of the most common sites for osteoarthritis, act as shock
absorbers. Strengthening them relieves pressure on the joint. Although
they can't prevent aging, baby boomers can reduce the risk from obesity,
by dieting and exercise.
New research shows obese children as young as 10 years old have arteries
resembling heavy smokers and face the prospect of coronary disease in early
middle age. Obese children are at risk of heart attack or stroke in
their 40s or 50s, rather than their 70s or 80s. Even chubby children were
at risk. The research will be published in May issue of International
Journal of Obesity, AP reports.
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Yoga Helps Cancer Patients
Over the years, studies have linked yoga to a number of health benefits,
including stress reduction, lowering blood pressure, beating fatigue and easing
chronic pain. According to an article in the journal Cancer,
the investigators found that among patients being treated for lymphoma, those
who participated in only seven weekly sessions of yoga said they got to sleep
sooner, slept for longer, and needed fewer drugs to fall asleep.
The Sterile Insect Technique (SIT) is a technique in which scientists breed
insects and expose the males to enough radiation to render them sterile. The
males are then released into the environment to breed with the females, whose
eggs are unfertilized and never hatch. Alan Robinson, the entomologist in
charge of the IAEA's entomology unit, said the $4 million project is still
in its infancy. He described it as a "high-risk project" with many hurdles
to overcome before it is ready for field trials. Over the next five years,
they need to reach a point where they can produce a million sterile male insects
a day, reports Reuters.
CARAMEL FUDGE CAKE
Ingredients: 9 ounces Chocolate cake mix, 7 ounces Caramel, 1/4 cup Margarine,
7 fluid ounces Milk condensed, sweetened, 1/2 cup Pecans.
Directions: Preheat oven to 350 degrees F. Prepare cake mix as package
directs. Pour 2 cups batter into greased 13x9-inch pan; bake 15 minutes.
Meanwhile, in a heavy saucepan, over low heat, melt caramels and margarine
with sweetened condensed milk, stirring until smooth. Spread evenly
over cake; spread remaining cake batter over caramel mixture. Top with
coarsely chopped nuts. Return to oven; bake 30 to 35 minutes longer
or until cake springs back when lightly touched. Cool. Garnish as desired.
and Corn Toast
Ingredients: 2 brown bread slices, 50 gm fresh mushroom, 50 gm baby corn,
10 ml. olive oil, 10 gm garlic (chopped), 2 gm fresh basil (chopped), 2
gm crushed pepper, Salt to taste.
Directions: Toast the brown bread slices lightly and keep aside. Boil
the mushrooms and the baby corn separately till cooked. When cool,
coarsely chop the mushrooms and baby corn. In a heavy-bottomed pan heat the
oil and sauté the garlic till golden. Add crushed pepper and
basil to the sautéed garlic and cook for some more time. Add
the chopped mushroom, baby corn and salt to taste. Stir. Take the pan off
the fire. Cool. Spread the mixture on the toasted bread and gratin
ate (or grill, or toast) till done. womenfitness.net
Chickpea and vegetable salad
Ingredients: 4 teaspoons extra-virgin olive oil, 2 teaspoon red
wine vinegar, 1 teaspoon Asian chili sauce, 1/4 teaspoon salt, 1/2 small
red onion, very thinly sliced, 12 spears asparagus, trimmed, trimmed, steamed,
and cut crosswise into thirds 1 (15 1/2 - ounce) can chickpeas, rinsed
and drained, 1 red pepper, cut into 1-inch squares.
Directions: Combine dressing ingredients in a medium bowl. Let stand
5 minutes. Add remaining ingredients and toss well to coat. Serve at room
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|Source: The primary sources
cited above, New York Times (NYT), Washington
Post (WP), Mercury News, Bayarea.com,
USA Today, Intellihealthnews, Deccan Chronicle (DC),
the Hindu, Hindustan Times, Times of India, AP, Reuters,
AFP, womenfitness.net etc.