Golconda Empire came under the control of Mughal Dynasty in 1686 and became known as Deccan Suba. This rule of Mughal Dynasty didn’t last long. Nizamul Ul Mulk Asaf Jah, as the governor of the Deccan, controlled the present state of Andhra Pradesh and parts of Tamilnadu and Orissa. In the beginning French had influence over Hyderabad. Salabat Jang, who came to power after his father, realized that the French were losing ground to British and so realigned himself with the English. However, in 1761, East India Company helped Nizam Ali Khan to depose his brother Salabat Jang and occupy the Deccan Suba. The East India Company took Andhra regions for lease from Nizam Ali. Later, by accords of 1768 and 1779 these Andhra regions came under complete control of East India Company, while Telagana states remained under Nizam. In 1802, the British government under a Permanent Revenue Settlement agreement restored the ruling powers and rights of kings of Andhra regions. During this time, rich and influential people were able to become rulers (Zamindars) to the city-states (Zamindaris). In the beginning, the British allowed old kingdoms to have armies with the condition that they would support the British Empire during the war. However, this right to have army was abolished and these kings were reduced to the level of Zamindars. These feudal kingdoms/zamindaris were abolished after the formation of the Indian Union, a democratic Republic.
In general, Telugu rulers belong to local Telugu castes/tribes and don't
belong to the Northern Aryan immigrant tribes/castes like Brahmin and Kshatriya.
However, there are a few exceptions. Peddapuram was ruled by Vatsavayi
dynasty, which was a Kshatriya family. Brahmin Dynasties ruled Polavaramu
and Lakkavaramu. The rest of the kingdoms/zamindaris were ruled by
powerful local non-Aryan tribes/castes. These kingdoms have supported Telugu
poets and Telugu literature. Nidadavolu Venkatarao and Kesavapantulu
Narasimhasastri described the literary contributions of Andhra kingdoms
and Telangana kingdoms. Dr. Toomati Donappa has done extensive research
on literary contributions of Andhra kingdoms and wrote a book entitled
Andhra kingdoms that contributed to Telugu literature are:
Other Estates/Zamindaris are Pachipenta, Palakonda, Parvateepuramu,
Muktyala, Panugallu, Merangi, Rachulurepalle, Nelluru, Challapalli, Tettu,
Andra, Godevari kingdom, Urlamu, Sangamavalasa, Chundi, Jayapuramu, Kotaramachandrapuramu
Kuchimanchi Jaggakavi Subhadraaparinayamu
Kuchimachi Gangana Satakanttharamayanamu
Devulapalli Bapanna Taravali
Pindiprolu Lakhmana Ravanadhammeeyamu
Allamaraju Subrahmanyakavi Bhadraparinayamu
and Devulapalli Venkatakrishnasastri Ravuvamsamuktavali in Sasnkrit and Telugu.
Devulapalli Subbarayasastri Sriramapanchasattu, Mahendravijayamu,
Ramarayavilasamu, Malhanastavamu, Kumara Satakamu,
Kings of Pithapuram and their descendents had invested a lot of money to support Telugu literature and established literary organizations like "Andhrasahitya Parishattu."
Droupadeeparinayamu, Tulyamahatmyamu, Dhruvacharitramu
Enugu Lakshmana Ramavilasamu, Rameswaramahatmyamu, Subhashitaratnavali,
Viswamitracharitramu, Gangamahatmyamu and Geervanasurya
Venuturumalli Viswnadha Seshadharmamu and Kiratarjuniyamu.
Chavali Ramasastri Kuvalayamodamu.
Mitravindaparinayamu and Bobbili Venugopalasatakamu.
Mandapaka Peraya Nirdoshtyadasaradhi Satakamu, Kumudvati Parinayamu and
Mandapaka Kamaya Kartikavrata Mahatmyamu, Balaramakshetra Mahatmyamu and
Mandapaka Parvateeswarasastri more than one hundred books that include Krishnabhyadayamu,
Radhakrishna Samvadamu etc.
Mandavemula Venkataramaya Kriyayogasaramu.
Sir Venkateswarachalapatirangarao (1862-1926) supported many poets and funded printing of several books.
Pusapati Rachiraju (ancestor of the family)
King Pusapati Tammabhupaludu (1620-1670) Srikrishnavijayamu
Perumalla Somana Simantani Kalyanamu
King Pusapati Pedavijayaramaraju (1670-1756) Andhraparasarihora
Gogulapati Kurmanadha Ekantaseva, Mrutyunjaya Vilasamu,
Lakshminarayana Samvadamu, Sundarimani Satakamu
Simhadrinarasimha Satakamu, and Vijayarama Satakamu
King Pusapati Chinavijayaramaraju (1760-1794)
Adidamu Suraya Kavijanaranjanamu, Ramalingesa Satakamu,
Kavisamsasayavicchedamu, Andhrachandralokamu, and
Andhranamaseshamu (a dictionary)
Chatarati Lakshminarasaya Padmanabh Yuddhamu, Iswariparinayamu, Viseshandhramu,
and Bhandanarati Bhimasatakamu
Nadiminti Ramayogi Ushaparinayamu
King Gajapati Vijayarama (1826-1879)
Poduri Venkatarajaya Ramalila Vilasamu
Sripada Venkatachalamu Kousalyaparinayamu, Ramakrishniopakhyanamu
Manda Kameswaraya Kurmapuranamu, Tulasi Ramayanamu (translations)
King Gajapati Ananda (1879-1897): Famous personalities like Adibhatla
Narayanadasu and Gurajada Apparao were in his court.
Mudumbai Narasimhacharyaswamy Sangnaramanamu etc.
Manda Chittikamasastri translations of puranas like Matsya, Kurma, Markandeya etc.
Kolluri Kamasastri Andhradharmasindhu
Gurajada Venkatapparao Kanyasulkamu
Gurajada Sriramamurty Biography of Gurajada Venkatapparao
Bahujanapalli Sitaramacharyulu Trilinga Lakshanaseshamu
Tacchuri Singanacharya Gayakaparijatamu
King Gajapati Vijayarama (1883-1902)
Adibhatla Narayandasu translations of Omar Khayyam into Telugu and Sanskrit
Medepalli Venkataramanacharylu Devavrata Charitra, Setubandhamu etc.
King Gajapati Alakanarayana (1902-1937)
Adibhatla Narayanadasu Navarasatarangini
Bhogaraju Narayanamurty Andhrakavita Charitramu, Kankanamu, Vasaviparinayamu,
Vimaladevi, Andhra Rashtramu, Ramavasa Charitra,
Akundi Venkatasastri Kautileyardhasastramu
Burra Seshgirirao Abhishekrupakamu
Later writers include:
Toleti Venkatareddy Rashtraprabodhamu
Ganti Suryanarayanasastri Kalinga-Vijayanagara Charitra
Bulusu Venkatramanayya Gajapatirajula Telugusahitya Poshanamu
Velugoti Rayudappa Nayani (1600)
Returi Rangaraju Bhanumati Parinayamu
Velugoti Kumarayachamnayani (1777-1804)
Mudumbi Ayyappadikshitulu Vishnupuranamu
Narakuri Narayanappa Parijatamu
Velugoti Kumarayachendrulu (1832-1892)
Velugoti Kumarayachendrulu Sabharanjani, Manssakshyamu etc.
Gopinadha Venkata Srimadramayanamu, Brahmavaivartapuranamu,
Krishnajanmakhandamu, Brahmananda Satakamu,
Bhagavadgita Sastramu, Sisupalavadha, Radhikaparinayamu
Srimadramanauja Charitramu, Adityahrudayamu etc.
Tarkabhushanamu Venkatacharylu Sringarakalpavalli
Tirumalasetti Jagnnadha Halasya Mahatmyamu
Odayaru Viranagaya Sivaratri Mahatmyamu
Mandapaka Parvatiswarasastri Radhakrishna Samvadamu
Chilakapati Venkataramanujasarma Gopikathsudhalahari, Vinodakathakalpavalli
Damerla Vengalabhupaludu (late 1500) Bahulasva Charitramu
Damerla Ankabhupaludu Ushaparinayamu
Nadiminti Venkatapati Abhishiktaraghavamu
Lingaraju (Kumara Dhurjati) Kalhatimahatmyamu, Dvipada bhagavatamu
Venkatapati Ratnavali Parinayamu
Munipalle Subrahmanyasastri Adhyatmramayan Kirtanalu
Sishtu Sarvasastri (1830-1880) Amarukamu and Jnanaprasunambika Satakamu
Kotra Lakshminarayanasastri Lakshminarayaniyandhra Dictionery
Kalatturi Vikrala Raghavacharylu(1840-1890) Vedasamrajyamu, Sikshabhashyamu,
Sulbasutramu, Rahsyatrayabhashyamu, Suryasiddhanta
Vyakhyanamu, Grahadarshamu, Dharmanirnayamu,
Vruttisngrahamu, Andhrabhasha Mahima Varnanamu
Damerla Venkatabhupaludu Setukhandamu
Anivilla Venkatasastri Apparaya Yasaschandrodayamu, Alankarasudhasindhumaheswara
Mahatmyamu, Rukminni Parinayamu, Bhaskara Prasasti, etc.
Dittakavi Ramayogi Rajgopala Satakamu, Mahisasuramardani Satakamu, Raghutilakahelavati
Madabhushi Venkatacharya Bharatabhyudayamu, Pushpabanavilasamu, Ramavadhuti taravali etc.
Bukkapattanamu Raghavacharyulu Andhradesha Charitra and Kuvalyasva Vijayamu
King Venkatadri Apparao Bahaddur Ramadasu: Jyotirleela, Govardhanoddharanamu, Andhrashtapadulu,
Sobhanachala Mahatmyamu, Andhragitgovindamu, etc.
Duriseti Venkataramacharyulu Anarkali
Yarroja Madhavacharyulu Maghavalayamu
Kavisirobhushanamu and Kalindikanya Parinayamu
Pattabhiram Kavisarpagarudamu, Kavimushikamarjalamu, Marunnandana Satakamu,
Malarajugudanarayanopakhyanamu, Vajrapanjara Satakamu, and
Dittakavi Narayana Rangaraya Charitramu
Dittakavi Ramachandra Uddandagopalaraya Satakamu and Raghukulatilaka Satakamu
Venkata and Pardhsardhi Vichitraraghavamu
Mulugu Papaya Devibhagavatamu, Ahalyasankrandanamu, Sarvamadhuramu, Indratmaja
Parinayamu, Ghurjara Charitramu, Santanu Charitramu,
Srimadvemanaradhya Charitramu, Sahasrahridayanuranjamu (Telugu);
Aryasati Sivastotramu, Ekadasi Champuvu, Srikalyana Champuvu
Amaravadi Ramakavi (1840-1918) Draupadiparinayamu and Vasireddiyamu (historical)
Apavadatarangini, Prabhuviswasamu, Milleru Doravaari Jeevitam,
venkatakrishnarao Rajatarangini, Sahasika Kathavarnanamu etc,
(Bahaddur Zameendar) (1872-1919) The Zameendaar also establised a monthly, "Saraswati" in 1898
Peddada Nagaraja Sakuntalaparinayamu
King Mantripregada Bhujangarao
Vasantakusumamamu, Varakanta, Sivapuranamu, Markandeya
(1872-1948) Charitra, Sankarataravali (poetry); dramas like Vidynmala,
Sasirekha, Chitraharischandra, Pandavajnyatavasamu,
Uttararamacharitramu, Prasannaraghavamu, Sakuntalamu etc.;
Novels like Manorama, Rajahamsa, Vasantika, VijayankaSahasamu;
Prose like Ganamrutamu, Sisusanjeevani;
Philosophical works like Bhagavadgita, Tatvameemamsa,
Also Christian works like Kraistavagudardhamu, Muttayi,
Luka, Yohanu etc. In addition, he wrote "History of Telugu Literature"
(in English), and established a monthly literary journal, "Manjuvani."
History and Culture of Andhra Pradesh, By Rao
Telugu Sahitya Samiksha, by Nagayya
Sreenivasarao Vepachedu, August 8, 2000
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