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Venkatasivarao Digavalli (1898-1992)
Author: Murty Digavalli
Venkatasivarao Digavalli, a colossus among the Andhra Historians who published about 300 articles and 43 books, was born on February 14, 1898 in Kakinada in Andhra Pradesh. Digavalli family belongs to a Aruvela Niyogi Brahmin tribe/caste and lineage of Koundinyasa gotra. His father was Venkataratnam and mother was Suryamanikyamba. His father was a sub-magistrate in Kovvooru.
He had his early education from 1909-1913 in Calicut, Bangalore and Rajahmundry. He graduated from Madras Law School in 1921 and practiced Law in Vijayawada untill 1966. He was in-charge of the West Krishna Congress publicity committee from1930 through1933. During the same period he was a special correspondent of Swarajya newspaper, Madras. Prakasam Tanguturi, the founder editor, personally requested him to contribute articles to his paper. During the Civil Disobedience Movement, his contribution for the freedom struggle was thorough his writings and educating the people and congress party workers. Pamphlets and brochures were prepared for the party workers at his residence.
Eight booklets written by him were published in the year 1930 by the East Krishna Congress Committee, which were subsequently proscribed by the British Government. A sedition case was brought against him in 1930, but due to the Gandhi-Irwin pact it was withdrawn. He was a colossus among the Andhra Historians and wrote about 300 articles and 43 books covering politico-economic and constitutional topics, the British epoch, medieval and modern history. His monumental work was Kathalu-gadhalu, a compilation of interesting historical facts and events, in 4 parts. His magnum opus Yenugula Veeraswamayya Gari Kasi Yatra Charitra (1944) was reprinted in 1991 by the Asian Academic Services, New Delhi. He was a member of the governing body of Vignana Chandrika. He was also a member of the Translation Committee constituted by the Government of Andhra Pradesh and a member of editorial committee of Telugu-Urdu Academy of History and Science. He was honoured by the govt of Andhra Pradesh in 1966, and one of his books on African nationalism was published by the Telugu Academy and was released by the President of India in1968. He was honoured in absentia by the Andhra History Congress in 1970.
He was a voracious reader and was literally reading till his last breath. A few hours before his life came to an end at the age of 95 in 1992, he was reading Major Dirom’s book, A Narrative of the Campaign in India, which terminated the war with Tippu Sultan in 1792.
Some of his books:
Hindu Dharma Sastra Sangrahamu (1926)
Hinduvula Runamulu , Anyakranthamulu (1926) (Hindu Law of debts and alienations)
Dakshina Africa (1928) (A history of the country (South Africa) its people and problems and Gandhiji.)
Vyavahara Kosamu (1934) (Enlish –Telugu Dictionary, Technical terms)
Sastra paribhasha (1935) (English-Telugu Dictionary, scientific terms)
Nuutana India Rajyangamu (1936)
Yenugula Veeraswamayya Gari Kasi Yatra Charitra (1941)
Sanyasula Swatanta Smaramulu (1958) (the sanyasi rebellion)
1857 Purvarangamulu (1965)
Praja Prabhutwamu (1966)
Mana Police Vyavastha (1966)
The Rule of Law and the Bezwada Bar (1975)
Vismrutandhramu Visalandhramu (1980)
Veeresalingam Velugu needalu (1985)
Some of the Articles:
List of articles published in Bharati magazine between 1924 to 1948:
May 1924:.Prachina Andhra Streelu
June 1924: Prakruti Soundarya swabhava varnanamu
December 1924: Hidu Dharma Sastra Parinamamu
August 1925: Kaikeyee
November 1925: Andhra Vangmaya yugamu
June 1926: Jateeya Kala parinamamu, kula vidyalu
December 1927: Khandanthara Bharatheeyulu [ Non Resident Indians ]
May 1928: Bukkar Washington
September 1939: English civilization and its influence
March 1943: Pachhayyappa Mudaliar
February 1944: Telugu Leader who ruled Madhura [Madhuranelina Telugu Nayakulu]
March-Appril 1945: Salem Doralu Anachina Raja Drohamu
A complete list of his books and Articles can be seen in the web site:
Om! Asatoma Sadgamaya, Tamasoma Jyotirgamaya, Mrityorma Amritamgamaya, Om Shantih, Shantih, Shantih!
(Lead the world from wrong path to the right path, from ignorance to knowledge, from mortality to immortality and peace!)
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